Teeth Brushing Guide

Teeth Brushing Guide

Looking after your teeth and oral health is incredibly important.

For the majority of us, all we need to do to have a healthy mouth and teeth is:

  • Brush twice a day for 2 minutes
  • Floss once a day
  • Have regular dental checkups

But to achieve this there are some really important things that you should know and understand. 

In the guide below we have included brief answers to common teeth brushing questions. Each question can be expanded for more information and we have included links to more detailed answers. 

Please leave a comment if anything is unclear, and always consult a dental professional if you are unsure of anything.

Click one of the links below to jump to a particular section: 


Teeth Brushing

Teeth brushing FAQ

When should you brush your teeth? Before going to bed and at another time throughout the day, preferably first thing in the morning.

How long and how often should you brush? Brush for 2 minutes, twice a day.

Should you brush your teeth after eating? The simple answer is no.​

Can you brush your teeth too much? Yes, referred to as over-brushing, it is possible to brush too frequently.

What happens if you don’t brush your teeth? Nothing positive comes of failing to clean your teeth.

Should you rinse after brushing? No, you should spit but not rinse. 

What type of toothpaste should you use? Picking the right type of toothpaste is important.

Bleeding gums when brushing teeth? This isn't normal, but don't panic until you have done more research. 

A step-by-step guide to teeth brushing

There are 5 sides to each tooth and you need to make sure you clean them all properly.

With regular brushing, you should brush the front and back of them along with the chewing surfaces.

The bristles of the brush will reach part of the sides of the teeth, but this is where interdental cleaning or flossing comes in.

To get the best clean, ensure you are using the right technique.

Did you know the brush head needs to align with the teeth at an angle of 45 degrees?

Did you know the brushing technique is different with a manual and electric toothbrush?

Check out our step by step guides:


Flossing & Mouthwash

Flossing & oral care FAQ

How often should you floss? Once a day is the recommendation from leading dental professionals and bodies around the world.

Should you floss before or after brushing? You should floss before brushing, if possible.

What are the best flossing tools? We take a look at the various tools available in our detailed guide. 

Floss vs interdental brushes Two different tools that to a point achieve the same result.

How to use interdental brushes The way in which you use interdental brushes varies slightly depending on whether you are cleaning the inter-proximal spaces of the front and rear teeth..

Should you use mouthwash? This is optional, it is not necessary, but there may be benefits that you wish to take advantage of. 

How to brush your tongue There are just 7 steps involved in brushing your tongue. 

How to use dental floss

The exact approach you take to floss your teeth can vary slightly depending on the type of flossing product used and the size of the gaps between teeth..

When using regular dental floss, be that sting or tape, the approach to follow is:

  • Step 1: Pull out and cut off the reel of floss about 18 inches (45cm)
  • Step 2: Wrap the ends around your two pointer fingers, and stretch it between them, so it is fairly taught, leaving about 6 inches between the two fingers.
  • Step 3: Gently position the floss in between teeth, flex the floss slightly so it cups around the edge of one tooth in an C like shape.  Move the floss up and down to get rid of plaque. Repeat this for the tooth on the other side of that same gap.
  • Step 4: Repeat this for the tooth on the other side of that same gap.
  • Step 5: Repeat this process for all teeth and gaps in the mouth.
  • Step 6: Dispose of the floss.

We talk more about flossing options in our best dental floss article. 


Choosing a toothbrush

If you need some help choosing a toothbrush, be sure to check out the content we've linked to below — we're a website dedicated to helping you choose the right toothbrush. 

Once you've chosen a toothbrush, make sure you check back to our article on how to keep it clean.


If you are unsure about anything, seek professional advice

The information provided is to be used as a general guide and to help you understand how and why the teeth and mouth are looked after in the way that they are.

Always take professional advice from a dentist and consult them should you have any queries or concerns.


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